BEACON TRANSCRIPT – We usually use commercial honeybee colonies for our crop production but it looks like crops are threatened by wild bees decline as well.
Bees are the crucial pollinators for our country’s crops. Basically we should thank them for having something to put on the table every day. However, in these past years, we have been confronted with the phenomenon called colony collapse disorder. This disorder refers to the decline of commercial honeybees populations.
Commercial honeybees are bees grown hives controlled by humans, just like animals raised in captivity. People take good care of these commercial colonies as their main purpose is to help pollinate our crops. The collapse of this colony has been worrying scientists and farmers especially since they weren’t able to find an explanation for it. Moreover, having fewer bees also meant having fewer crops, which was discomforting to say the least.
Luckily, scientists have realized that the commercial honeybees were not the only ones pollinating the crops. The wild bees were doing the same job for free, or well, you get the idea. This discovery made them understand that wild bees can be used for the same purpose without having to keep them contained. However, a map of the wild bees’ colonies and their areas of pollination is needed in order to have an idea of how and where they work and what crops could be more ‘successful’.
Unfortunately, the map showed some discrepancies. The problem is that wild bees are not doing so well either. It looks like there are areas of crops in need of pollination but no bees for them. About 39 percent of farmland has a very low population of bees which is constantly shrinking.
But having the map is quite helpful after all. In this way, scientists can locate the areas in which the bee supply doesn’t meet the demand and try to make sure they conserve the existing bee population. Therefore, the number of bees will no longer decrease and the crops will be pollinated.
But it looks like the U.S. is not the only country facing this problem. There are other 139 countries in the world in which bees are becoming fewer and their decline is severely affecting crops.
Image source: phys.org