According to a recent study obese people are unlikely to shed weight. The study on UK health records conducted at King’s College London claims that the chances of an obese person to ever reach normal weight again are 1 in 124 for women and 1 in 210 for men and 1 in 677 for women and 1 in 1,290 for men when it comes to severe obesity. The study said that current programs focused on exercise and diet are not effective when it comes to obesity at a population level.
The study which was funded by the National Institute for Health Research analyzed the weight of 278,982 people (149,788 women and 129,194 men) using health records from the years 2004 to 2014. The research analyzed the probability of patients suffering from obesity to reach a normal weight or a 5 percent body weight reduction. The patients who went under bariatric surgery were not included in the study.
The chance of patients who suffer from obesity achieve a weight loss of five percent annually was 1 in 10 for women and 1 in 12 for men. The people who lost the five percent, 53 percent of them gained the weight back in two years and 78 percent of them in five years.
Dr. Alison Fildes the first author at the Division of Health and Social Care Research from King’s College London said that losing 5 percent to 10 percent of body weight has been discovered to have substantial benefits for the health and it is recommended as weight loss target very frequently. The findings show exactly how hard it is for the people who suffer from obesity to maintain and achieve even the smallest amounts of loss in weight.
The study said that the primary options of treatment offered to patients in the United Kingdom are weight management programs. This proves that the current system is inefficient for the majority of the patients. It is highly unlikely that an adult person to return to a normal body weight once they become obese. New approaches are necessary to address these problems.
Professor Martin Gulliford, the senior author at the Division of Health and Social Care Research from King’s College London said that the current strategies are not helping the majority of patients who suffer from obesity and the greatest way to stop obesity is to widen the policies regarding public health in order to prevent obesity.
The study was posted in the American Journal of Public Health.
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