BEACON TRANSCRIPT – A recent study brings new evidence on why women should avoid eating excessive sugar during pregnancy. It seems that eating too many sweet foods while pregnant increases the risk of the baby to develop asthma and other allergies until the age of seven.
Women should consume less sugar during pregnancy
The findings showed how the general risk of allergy was 30 percent higher in kids if their mothers consumed more sugar during pregnancy. They were 73 percent more likely to develop an allergy to two or several allergens, while the risk of allergic asthma was of 101 percent.
All kinds of sugars increase this risk for babies. This includes both added, present in processed foods and drinks, and natural sugar, found in fruits, syrups, or honey. Researchers explained that, if the mother consumes too much fructose, a severe immune response is present after birth, and it leads to inflammation in the baby’s lungs, which later turns into allergies.
This research is interesting, since the results depend on the mother’s sugar intake, and not that of the baby. It seems that sugar consumption during childhood it not related to any allergic reaction exhibited later in life.
Fructose consumption during pregnancy influences the development of atopy in children
The study, published in the European Respiratory Journal, involved almost 9,000 pairs of mothers and children. Firstly, they analyzed the quantity of fructose consumed by mothers during pregnancy. Then, they looked at the lung function of children, as well as for traces of atopy, hay fever, eczema, asthma, or wheezing.
The higher was the mother’s intake of sugar, the more likely was the child to develop atopic asthma. This represents a genetic predilection to develop atopic dermatitis, asthma, or allergic rhinitis. However, it didn’t influence the development of hay fever or eczema.
However, the study doesn’t confirm that high fructose consumption during pregnancy automatically leads to allergies in children. Until more research is performed, mothers are asked to stick to the diet guidelines during pregnancy and do not consume too many sugary foods.
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