Beacon Transcript – A recent study found that contrary to popular belief, diabetic heavy smokers are more likely to die from another type of cancer other than lung cancer.
The study to determine this fact was titled “Diabetes and mortality in the national lung screening trial”. It was presented during the annual Radiological Society of North America Meeting which is taking place this week in Chicago.
Research for the study was undertaken by University of Colorado at Denver scientists. The study members based their research on data gathered by the National Lung Screening Trial.
As such, the study analyzed data gathered from a number of 53,212 participants out of which 5,174 suffered from diabetes.
When analyzing the data for the study, the researchers adjusted their data so as to take into account a number of factors. These included the participants’ age, sex, body mass index or BMI, and their pack per year rate of smoking.
Overall mortality relative risk rates for lung and other types of cancer were also analyzed by using Cox’s proportional hazards model.
The results obtained seem to be contrary to popular belief which links smoking to lung cancer-related deaths.
Research revealed that diabetic heavy smokers are more likely to die from other types of the disease rather than lung cancer.
As 3,936 of the total number of participants to the survey died, it was established that the cause of death for 1,021 of them was lung cancer.
A further 826 participants were observed to have died from other types of cancer-related affections. Diabetes was also noticed to have increased the risk of both non-lung cancer and overall mortality rates for men.
For women, diabetes seems to have increased the mortality rates of all the three analyzed categories, non-lung cancer, lung cancer, and overall mortality.
Diabetes patients were noticed to have higher body mass indexes. They were also determined to be heavier smokers as they registered higher numbers in the cigarette packs per year scale.
One of the reports did mention the importance of CT scans for diabetic heavy smokers.
The number and results of CT scans which determine the existence of lung cancer in patients are limited if their diabetes is not checked and held under control.
According to Dr. Kavita Garg, MD. and professor of radiology, diabetic patients have to be careful with their disease if they wish to benefit to the max from the CT scans.
One of the factors that may be taken into consideration when analyzing the rates of diabetic heavy smokers non-lung cancer deaths is also the tendency to be older.
That is not to say that younger patients are to excluded. Physicians urge all diabetes sufferers to see a doctor and keep their diseases under control as it could benefit both their general state of health and other disease scans.
The aforementioned Dr. Garg also pointed out the importance of the accurate CT scans when taking into consideration and analyzing mortality risks.
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