BEACON TRANSCRIPT – A team of scientist managed to confirm the existence of a fifth force of nature. The newly discovered evidence supports the claims of a previous Hungarian study that suggested the existence of a new kind of subatomic particle.
A team of Hungarian scientists wrote last year that there is a high chance that a new kind of subatomic particle is causing a radioactive decay anomaly in our galaxy.
After studying the anomaly, researchers discovered a light particle 30 times heavier than a normal electron.
The initial goal of the tests was to find dark matter, but the researchers soon realized that the particle they were observing was different from everything they have seen.
“The experimentalists weren’t able to claim that it was a new force. They simply saw an excess of events that indicated a new particle, but it was not clear to them whether it was a matter particle or a force-carrying particle.”
According to Jonathan Feng, astronomy and physics professor at California University, declared that the findings are revolutionary. It seems that scientists have based their understanding of the basic laws of physics on the existence of only four fundamental forces: weak and strong nuclear forces, electromagnetism, and gravitation.
However, if further experiments confirm the existence of the fifth force of nature, our current view of the Universe would change. The unification of dark matter and forces would be affected by the presence of the force, disrupting the patterns of science as we know it.
In the previous study, the scientists were not sure if the fifth force of nature is a force-carrying particle or a matter particle. According to the new experiments, the revolutionary subatomic particle is neither a dark photon nor a matter particle.
Feng and his team argue that the most viable explanation for the anomaly would be a force-carrying particle.
Researchers decided to name the mysterious particle a protophobic X boson. The X stands for unknown because there aren’t any other previously observed bosons with the same characteristics as this one.
“This dark sector force may manifest itself as this protophobic force we’re seeing as a result of the Hungarian experiment. In a broader sense, it fits in with our original research to understand the nature of dark matter.”
The entire study will be soon published in the Physical Review Letters magazine.
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