BEACON TRANSCRIPT – Almost one in five teenagers in America has a high glucose level, according to government data. As a result, the number of teen diabetes sufferers is on the increase. Scientists are now raising an alarm signal regarding diabetes.
The conclusions were published on July 19, 2016, in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The study centralized data from 2,600 teen participants with ages ranging from 12 to 19 years old, between the years 2005 and 2014. The data was gathered through blood examination results and interviews.
The research revealed that there was a 1 percent prevalence of diabetes, a quarter of which was undiagnosed and a whopping 18 percent prevalence of prediabetes.
The survey did not differentiate between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. As many as 80 percent of teenagers with diabetes have type 1 of the disease. However, a high percentage of adolescents were not aware they had diabetes, and there is also a high prevalence of prediabetes. A lot of those with prediabetes are at high risk of becoming ill with type 2 diabetes.
Undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes were more prevalent in male, black, and Hispanic teens compared to young women and whites.
Further research is needed before identifying teens who would benefit from diabetes screening. This survey was the first one to use all three diabetes markers recommended by the American Diabetes Association, and it is nationally representative of US adolescents.
Of the 2606 teens taken into consideration, 62 had diabetes, 20 were not diagnosed, and 512 had prediabetes. Prediabetes was more common than researchers had previously thought. Prediabetes was more common in males rather than females.
White teens had undiagnosed diabetes in a percentage of 4.6 percent, and prediabetes was encountered in a percentage of 15.1 percent. Black participants had the highest rates, with 49 percent undiagnosed diabetes and 21 percent had prediabetes. Hispanics followed, with 39 percent undiagnosed diabetes and 22 percent prediabetes.
The conclusions affect public health directly, as diabetes in young people comes with a host of risk factors and complications which occur increasingly early. The study was financially supported by the National Institute for Diabetes.
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